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1. What is ultrasonography ?
     Ultrasonography, a synonym of echography or sonography, is an imaging method that helps to visualize different organs of the human body. Currently, it represents the most commonly used medical imaging method and that due to the many available advantages: it is not harmful, but it is fast, simple, safe and easy to perform. It is informative, but also quite cheap compared to other imaging methods. It is noninvasive, painless, has no side effects, as it uses ultrasound.
 
     Ultrasounds are nothing more than some mechanical vibration with 20,000 Hz frequency, which makes them imperceptible to people. It does not harm in any way the shape of organs it captures and the propagation speed of waves is directly influenced by the density of the organ crossed by the transducer (catheter that emits ultrasound). Using a computer program, the information is converted to black and white images, which subsequently are interpreted by the doctor.

     Ultrasound images are obtained in real time, making the visualization and analysis of the structure, motion and possible dysfunctions of the following body parts easy:
- thyroid and parathyroid glands; 
- large vessels (aorta, renal arteries, iliac arteries, portal vein, etc.);
- lymph nodes;
- heart;
- mammary glands;
- abdominal organs (liver, gall bladder, spleen, pancreas, kidney and bladder);
- pelvic organs (uterus, ovaries and prostate);
- testes;
- pregnancy and any problems that may occur.

     Given the fact that ultrasonography has no contraindications, it is designed especially for pregnant women. The method allows evaluation of pregnancy and monitoring of fetus’ intrauterine development, accurate determination of the maximum size of the gestational sac, placenta, fetus length, its movements and the first heartbeats. It can be carried out both by pregnant women, children, adults and older people without any restriction and as much as required, as it emanates no radiation.
 

     At the German Diagnostic Centre you can undergo Doppler echography. It is a special application that can measure direction and speed of blood flow in large vessels of the neck, heart, abdomen, hands and feet. Moreover, Doppler echography is important in the diagnosis of tumors, birth defects and cardiovascular malformations.
 
     During the echography, the patient lies in a relaxed position prescribed by the doctor. Area to be scanned is covered with a transparent gel that is designed to transmit sound waves efficiently from the transducer to the investigated organ. It will be completely removed after echography.

     Echography lasts about 10-30 minutes, depending on the investigated organ and the condition of the patient (in obese people, visualization of organs is more difficult). The results of the investigation are usually handed out on the day of the examination.

     IMPORTANT!
     If you need a full examination of the pelvic organs (ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes and uterine cavity), choose transvaginal echography! This allows a better and more detailed visualization of the organs!
 
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Infoline and Appointments
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