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10. Spirometry
     Spirometry is an investigation measuring breathing capacity of the lungs. The analysis is carried out to know the amount of air that a person inhales and exhales at certain intervals of time and the maximum amount of air the lungs can hold it.
 
     The procedure is used to detect chronic diseases of the bronchi, lungs, to diagnose and accurately assess their severity and to track their progress.
 
     It can be used in case of:
- Pneumonia;
- Bronchitis;
- Asthma; 
- Obstructive and restrictive lung diseases;
- Deformation of the chest;
- Deformation of the spine (scoliosis);
- Before and after a lung or chest surgery

     The test is simple and a session of spirometry does not require more than 10-15 minutes. The investigation takes place as follows: the patient sits on a chair and, after the doctor catches his nose with a nasal clip, asks him to breathe only through a flexible tube connected to the spirometer. The patient breathes, first of all, as usually, after that he will inhale and exhale until the last breath, slower, faster, deeper, stronger, etc. The information will be recorded by the device and will be generated graphically and numerically on a computer screen. Thus, the amount of air contained in the lungs at different times of breathing, and minimum and maximum amount of inhaled and exhaled air per second will be known. Spirometry results are obtained immediately and are usually expressed as a rate of ideal values of lung function according to gender, age, height and weight.

     Spirometry can be performed both in children and adults. A healthy person can do it anytime, and a person who is suffering from lung diseases should undergo it regularly at the doctor’s recommendation.

     Before the investigation, it would be better to abstain from fat food and soft drinks, and smoking at least 4-5 hours before the test. Wear loose clothing that does not cause discomfort to inspiration and expiration.

     If you are asthmatic and take bronchodilators or inhaled corticosteroids and want an investigation with spirometry, it would be better to stop the treatment at least 6, 12 or 24 hours before the test, depending on the duration of the drug action.

     Spirometry is contraindicated to persons who have recently suffered from heart attack or stroke, those suffering from severe heart diseases or who have chest pain or heart palpitations. Also, if you have suffered a recent surgery in the thorax, abdomen or you spit blood, the spirometry is prohibited to you for the time being.
 
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